Media and Internet Governance
After Rio+20: What New World Governance Does the World Need?
Charter of the Peoples of the Earth
Alterglobalization, a Long-term Process Leading to Alternatives
Raising International Climate Finance
People-centered Global Governance: Making It Happen!
On the Road to a Citizens Assembly
Mobilize and organize to Stop and Prevent Planet Fever!
Building Consensus on Food Safety Programs among Consumer and Public Health Organizations
Earth System Governance - The Challenge for Social Science
Can We Close the Education Gap?
The Post-modern State
Alternative World Water Forum
Globalization, Post-materialism and Threefolding
What Europe does the world need?
Rethinking and Changing World Governance
A Proposal for Governance in the Post 2011 World
As the UN World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) approaches its final
meeting, political oversight of Internet governance has become the paramount issue. It
has also proven to be a politically charged and divisive issue, making it impossible for the
3rd Prepcom to reach an agreement.
In this document we attempt to provide conceptual clarity on issues relating to political
oversight. We first define political oversight and briefly assess why it might or might not
be needed for international Internet governance. Next, we make an important distinction
between narrow oversight (of ICANN) and broad oversight (of all Internet public policy
issues), and explain why WSIS must separate discussion of these two types of oversight.
We then examine in detail the existing mechanisms of political oversight over ICANN.
We note that unilateral U.S. oversight is troublesome and needs to be changed. But there
are two very different ways to do this. One way is to bring more governments into the
supervisory process. Another way is to remove the U.S. government from the picture. In
other words, one can de-nationalize ICANN and find ways of making it accountable that
do not require traditional inter-governmental supervision.
The paper concludes that de-nationalization is probably a better option than
internationalization. Moreover, the existing mechanisms of U.S. political oversight can be
modified to move toward de- nationalization without threatening the effective operation or
freedom of the Internet.
Source: Internet Gouvernance Project