Managing Sea, Soil, and Energy Resources
Proposals for a Fair and Sustainable Economy
Biocivilization for the Sustainability of Life and of the Planet - Workshop
Foundations for Biocivilization
Final Declaration "Linking Alternatives 2"
Decent Work as a Goal for the Global Economy
A Bit Rich: Calculating the Real Value to Society of Different Professions
Videos on the Seminar "What Brazil and What Amazonia Does the World Need?"
Swords into Plowshares
Transforming Capitalism: the Triple Crisis
Seven Leverage Points for the Passage from Economy to Œconomy
Alterglobalization, a Long-term Process Leading to Alternatives
The Cosmopolitan State
FASE’s Commitment to a Sustainable and Democratic Amazonia
Net Neutrality as Global Principle for Internet Governance
The Emergence of Global Administrative Law
Mobilize and organize to Stop and Prevent Planet Fever!
Global Calling-for-help Center
The Extraterritorial Scope of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Political Oversight of the ICANN: A Briefing for the WSIS Summit
If there is a sector which, both in its organization and in its results, can be seen as the poster child for capitalist globalization, it must be maritime transportation. Roseline Vachetta, a member of the Regional Policy Committee for Transport and Tourism at the European Parliament, discusses this issue here.
There are some “trash-container” ships which concentrate all the ingredients and all the opacity of capitalist globalization. For example, in the case of the Prestige, we find: an obscenely rich Greek shipowner, a Liberian dummy corporation, a Bahamian flag of convenience, an Asian crew, North American and French offices for inspection and verification of nautical procedures, Russian heavy fuel oil and disaster management undertaken by the Spanish and French states. As the first generalized form of large-scale outsourcing to the Third World, maritime transportation underwent an expansion of 430% over 30 years and in particular a reduction in costs of 30% in the past decade. This chain of complacency generates maximum profits for some and endless misery for many others.
It is necessary to break this chain of complacency by radical means. The oceans must no longer be a lawless zone! The links between the shipowner and the state must be clear, the contracts with the ship charterer must be well-defined, and the statutes of the crew must be compliant with the rules of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Dummy corporations which evade all legislation must be declared illegal. The criminal penalties must be commensurate with the damage caused.
It is necessary to implement true public service on the seas. This is certainly an ambitious project, but it is essential. It encompasses public shipyards, the training of ship crews, whose statutes must be clearly established, and construction options which meet the requirements, notably for vessels satisfying high safety standards.