Conflict Resolution and Sustainable Peace Building
Forging a World of Liberty under Law: US National Security in the Twenty-first Century
The Post-modern State
Israel / Palestine: The New Peace Movement
World Governance of Ressentiment*
Videos of the Governance and Ressentiment Seminar
Ressentiment* and World Governance
Like a Rainbow Nation
Ressentiment* and the new world governance: a general analysis
The World March of Women Third International Action
2015 : A turning point to face the climate challenge, exorcise fear and counter the logic of war.
A War Hiding Another War
Rethinking Global Governance
Can We Close the Education Gap?
Rediscovering Nelson Mandela for the Twenty-first Century
Territories and Globalization: The Stakes of Development
Setting up an Arbitration Tribunal on Debt: An Alternative Solution?
For Climate Justice and a World Fit to Be Lived in
PMCs, Human Security and Global Governance in Global Public Sphere
Bringing the Violence of War under Control in a Globalized World
Rethinking and Changing World Governance
The Global Marshall Plan
"Negative Growth": Rebirth of a Revolutionary Concept
Proposals for a Fair and Sustainable Economy
Does Global Governance Ensure That the Global Public Interest Is Served?
Rio+20 and Beyond. No Future without Justice
The Emergence of Global Administrative Law
Post-2015: Global Action for an Inclusive and Sustainable Future
Expanding and Reinforcing the Objectives of the Kyoto Protocol: Inciting International Stakeholders to Engage in Greenhouse-gas Transparency
Education International’s Response to the Global Monitoring Report 2006 on "Literacy for Life"
Alterglobalization, a Long-term Process Leading to Alternatives
After Copenhagen, Some Light on the Horizon
Henceforth, the Keys to the Future are Responsibility, Solidarity, and Courage
The Extraterritorial Scope of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
The gap between the perceptions of the levels of corruption in rich countries and poor countries is always so clear: this is what emerges from the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2007 published by Transparency International. Developed countries and developing countries must share the responsibility in reducing corruption by cutting off both the supply and the demand for corruption.
The Corruption Perceptions Index 2007 analyses the perceptions of the level of corruption in the public sector in 180 countries and territories. It concerns the largest number of countries listed to date in the CPI. The latter is a composite index based on 14 different surveys and polls conducted by independent bodies.
It is the poorest countries which suffer the most under the burden of corruption. Despite some advances, corruption continues to dramatically suck up resources allocated to education, health and infrastructure. The priority is to improve transparency in financial management and tax collection at the public expense, to strengthen the control procedures and bring an end to the impunity enjoyed by corrupt officials. A professional and independent judicial system is also a key element in putting an end to impunity, strengthening the state of the law, and promoting the confidence of the public, financial backers and investors.
On the other hand, the corruption of high-ranking public officials in poor countries includes an international dimension which involves the countries ranked highest in the CPI. Bribes are especially paid by multinational enterprises with their headquarters located in the richest countries. It is unacceptable that these enterprises continue to consider that corruption in export markets is a legitimate business strategy. Moreover, international financial centres play a pivotal role in authorising corrupt officials to change their location, find refuge and invest their illicitly acquired funds. Offshore financing has therefore played a decisive role in the looting of millions of dollars from the coffers of developing countries, thus facilitating the corrupt behaviour of officials and the impoverishment of those they are supposed to govern.
Since corruption is a global problem with international roots, the battle against it requires taking measures on a global scale. The article cites a list of measures regarding, among other things, the actions to be taken by developing countries, the judicial sector, the eradication of tax havens, the regulation of the financial centres of rich countries, the strict implementation by the governments of the richest countries of the OECD Convention against Corruption which criminalises the corruption of foreign officials.