Managing Sea, Soil, and Energy Resources
People’s Food Sovereignty Statement
Great Transition: The Promise and Lure of the Times Ahead
Expanding and Reinforcing the Objectives of the Kyoto Protocol: Inciting International Stakeholders to Engage in Greenhouse-gas Transparency
Beyond the Growth Paradigm: Creating a Unified Progressive Politics
The Right to Water as a Human Right
Choosing between Two Evils or Rethinking Armed Interventionism
Another Future Is Possible
Can We Close the Education Gap?
Winnowing Wheat from Chaff
FASE’s Commitment to a Sustainable and Democratic Amazonia
Net Neutrality as Global Principle for Internet Governance
Building Consensus on Food Safety Programs among Consumer and Public Health Organizations
The Commons, the State and Transformative Politics
The New Republic Will be Democratic and Socially Oriented
The second Alternative World Water Forum (Forum alternatif mondial de l’eau) (Fame) was held in Geneva from 17 to 20 March 2005, with new goals compared to the goals considered to be priorities in the first Forum in March 2003.
The global water policy implemented by the World Water Council, a spin-off of the World Bank, is based on three major principles. Firstly, water must be considered to be an economic good, a product like petroleum or corn. Secondly, access to water is a vital need, not a human right; meeting this need therefore falls within the sphere of responsibility of each individual who will consume a good accessible by means of market mechanisms. Finally, water must be considered to be a precious resource (blue gold); destined to become more and more scarce, it is an important strategic resource; "national" water security therefore becomes a central political issue.
On the other hand, the Fame held in Florence was based on very different things, and its guiding principles, defined in the Porto Alegre declaration of February 2002, have now become widely known. First, water must not be a product and must not be a source of profit. Second, it forms part of the capital of humanity and must therefore be placed under public protection. Third, it must be accessible to all, in sufficient quantity so as not to jeopardize the health of the users. Fourth, the public sector is mandated and designated by the law as the representative of the public interest. Fifth, citizens must be at the heart of the decision-making processes of the public water policies at the local, national, and international levels.