Citizens’ Reappropriation of Politics
Do Space and Action Have to Be Contradictory? Toward an Inclusive WSF Strategy
On the Road to a Citizens Assembly
Final Declaration of the Sixth World Parliamentary Forum - Caracas 2006
People-centered Global Governance: Making It Happen!
Alterglobalization, a Long-term Process Leading to Alternatives
Global Democracy: Civil Society Visions and Strategies (G05) Conference Report
Civil Society’s Impact on the Multilateral Sphere: Lessons Learned and Future Directions
Can Civil Society Influence G8 Accountability?
Civil Society and the Legitimation of Global Governance
Non-state Actors and World Governance
Contesting Global Governance. Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements
Allende Hoy (English version)
When Dreams Come True
Imagine All the People: Advancing a Global Citizens Movement
Global Civil Society: Shifting Powers in a Shifting World
Capitalism Has Failed: 5 Bold Ways to Build a New World
For a Democratic Cosmopolitarian Movement
Second Meeting of the China, Europe, and South America Dialog Group: Civil Societies Moving Forward for Change
Rediscovering Nelson Mandela for the Twenty-first Century
Statement No. 1
Letter to our readers and to the Mandela World Liberation Front
How to break out the system trap. A model to support conversations for a more strategic activism.
New Rules for New Radicals ? *
Reclaiming the ASEAN Community for the People
The Armed Forces and World Governance
Another System of International Relations
What Amazonia Does the World Need?
Greenhouse-gas Emissions and Global Mitigation Efforts
Rio + ???
What South Africa Does the World Need?
Charter of the Peoples of the Earth
Biocivilization for the Sustainability of Life and of the Planet - Workshop
Final Declaration "Linking Alternatives 2"
After Rio+20: What New World Governance Does the World Need?
A Bit Rich: Calculating the Real Value to Society of Different Professions
Dictionary of World Power
For a World Citizen Movement
Rethinking and Changing World Governance
Proposals for a Fair and Democratic Architecture of Power
Atlanta Declaration and Plan of Action For The Advancement Of The Right Of Access To Information
An Open Letter to the Commoners and Co-operators of the World
What Europe does the world need?
A Primer on Global Economic Sharing
The World Governance Index (WGI)
Moving Toward a New World Governance
World Governance of Ressentiment*
Like a Rainbow Nation
Migrants spearhead an unprecedented political-cultural battle: to open new routes to the world
Preparing Rio+20 at the Thematic Social Forum: A Historical Opportunity
Conceptualising Global Democracy
Rural Areas and World Governance
The Great Together
Global Governance and the Achievement of a Universal Civil Society
Dialog of Chinese, European, and South American Civil Societies at Rio+20
For Climate Justice and a World Fit to Be Lived in
"Biocivilization" for the Sustainability of Life and of the Planet. Video on the Workshop
Territories: Paradigm Shifts That Need to Be Made for the Transition
Democracy today is challenged, radically, deeply, fatefully. Born and cultivated in the ancient world as the face-to-face participatory township, and successfully re-imagined in the early modern world as the representative nation-state, it must now adapt to a global, networked, interdependent world. Or likely perish. To survive actually, it must find ways to establish itself virtually. To preserve its local vitality, it must achieve a global compass.
Democracy has always been plural, a congeries of distinctive systems and varied approaches to self-government with a deep common commitment to some degree of equality and liberty, if often in the name of a citizenry comprising something less than the entire adult population. It had its roots in the Hellenic and Roman West, but also found resonance beyond. That women and men can participate in governing themselves is not just a Western conceit. Yet there is no precedent in any democratic system, neither in the participatory polis nor in the representative sovereign state, for planetary self-government, and just to recall how difficult and varied the journey from township to nation has been is to judge global governance an unlikely prospect. After all, democracy within nation-states is troubled enough. The few and paltry examples of regional or international governance we have, such as the United Nations system or the Bretton Woods complex of international financial institutions, or the experiment in pooled sovereignty of the European Community—now imperiled by a euro crisis and a lack of solidarity—offer as many reasons to doubt as to embrace the possibilities of the survival of democracy.
In the beginning, in its first age, ancient democracy was forged for an intimate world of kinship. Not only in the West, but around the world in different times and places, tribesmen and neighbors who shared a locality and knew one another personally, found ways to govern themselves directly through ongoing participation and self-legislation. The polis, the town and the principality as well as the tribe and the kinship community, all territorially constrained, invited engagement and facilitated some degree of self-rule, often by direct means.
Scale has always been democracy‘s greatest challenge, however.
Democracy in all of its forms has been everywhere challenged to respond to scale and to what is perhaps its most formidable artifact: the paradox of participation. The paradox arises out of the fact that while participation is always necessarily local and centrifugal, power is by its nature central and centripetal. Society‘s naturally expanding scale is forever outdistancing democracy‘s naturally limited compass. That was the issue confronted by ancient direct democracy, above all in Athens and Rome; and it remains the issue confronting those who today aspire to fashion a new age of global democracy.