Nature of Work and Globalization of Social Rights
Governance for Sustainability
After Rio+20: What New World Governance Does the World Need?
Proposal for a Charter of Universal Responsibilities
A European Way of Security. The Madrid Report on the Human Security Study Group
The Post-modern State
The Future of Democratic Sovereignty and Transnational Law
Fair Coop, the Earth cooperative for a fair economy
For a World Citizen Movement
World Governance Index (WGI)
The State of the Right to Education Worldwide: Free or Fee
Can We Close the Education Gap?
Post-2015: Global Action for an Inclusive and Sustainable Future
The Emergence of Global Administrative Law
Campaign for People’s Goals for Sustainable Development
Giving Africa Voice within Global Governance: Oral History, Human Rights and the United Nations Human Rights Council
Structure of Global Governance: Explaining the Organizational Design of Global Rulemaking Institutions
The Democratic Legitimacy of Public-Private Rule Making: What Can We Learn from the World Comission of Dams?
The International Labour Organization (ILO) has drawn up a new concept: decent work for all. Decent work has four dimensions: the nature of the work and employment in question; the ability to exercise employment rights; safety; and the capacity for employer representation and dialogue.
The concept of “work” aims to reach beyond that of a mere paid job position, to cover all occupational diversity from freelance work to the domestic work carried out by a housewife without receiving payment for her services to the family. The ambiguous definition “decent” is, in English, related to the concept of “reasonable” or “sufficient”. In this sense, decent work means work carried out in reasonable conditions and for which a sufficient benefit or advantage is received.
The ILO conceptual effort is linked to the worldwide movement in favour of the standardisation of human rights which came after World War II and which has progressed in the definition of new categories of individual and collective rights. The areas of economics and employment have no exception to this increasing standardisation which is still a long way off from being backed up by national processes for legal classification and actual implementation. However, conceptual clarity and international standards help to distinguish what is acceptable from what is not.
The main issue is if concepts such as decent work can become operative legal elements which force employers in all countries to provide certain minimum work condition, if governments are determined to create public policies for social development and if the international community can finally understand that cooperation in development is cheaper than chasing mafia members who traffic people, capturing immigrants on the streets and at borders, or intervening in the armed conflicts which break out in different places.